Medicinal plants found in Kathmandu
Nepal is rich in medicinal plants and herbs. Medicinal plants are not only found in primitive places like costs, Himalayas, hills, etc. Medicinal plants can be found in our surroundings and they can even be domesticated. Kathmandu has such a favorable environment that we can get those medicinal plants after walking a few kilometers from home.
Secondly, medicinal plants found in Nepal are underrated. There can be numerous amount of medicinal plants that we have been listening about, but there is a lack of proper knowledge on the use of those medicines. This article aims to provide knowledge on the use and harvest of those locally found medicinal plants found in Kathmandu valley.
List of Medicinal plants found in Kathmandu
Note: These are simplified and summarised report based on :
International Journal of Scientific Reports | April 2018 | Vol 4 | Issue 4 Page 78 International Journal of Scientific Reports Paudel N et al. Int J Sci Rep. 2018 Apr;4(4):78-81 http://www.sci-rep.com
बोझो (Acorus calamus L.)
A. calamus has been an item of trade in many cultures for centuries. It has been used medicinally for a wide variety of ailments, such as gastrointestinal diseases and treating pain, and its aroma makes calamus essential oil valued in the perfume industry. The essence of the rhizome is used as a flavor for foods, alcoholic beverages, and bitters in Europe. It was also once used to make candy.
In herbal medicine
Sweet flag has a very long history of medicinal use in Chinese and Indian herbal traditions. The leaves, stems, and roots are used in various Siddha and Ayurvedic medicines and by the Sikkim of Northeastern India. Sweet flag is one of the most widely and frequently used herbal medicines among the Chipewyan people.
This plant is sometimes used as a pond plant in horticulture. here is at least one tetraploid ornamental cultivar known; it is usually called ‘Variegatus’, but the RHS recommends calling it ‘Argenteostriatus’.
दालचि (Cinnamomum Tamala)
The bark is sometimes used for cooking, although it is regarded as inferior to true cinnamon or cassia. Methanolic extract of C. Tamala leaves fed at 10 mg/kg to alloxan-induced diabetic rats for 15 days resulted in a significant reduction in blood glucose level, blood glycosylated hemoglobin, LPO, serum AST, and ALT, and a significant increase in the antioxidant enzymes such as CAT, GSH, and SOD. C. Tamala could be used as an adjunct therapy in diabetes.
रूखे उन्यू (Cyathaeaeceae) (Tree fern)
The pith in the upper part of the trunk just below the growing point is eaten raw or roasted. It is rich in starch but also contains tannin and is astringent. Descriptions of the taste vary from bitter to sweet, astringent, and like a bad turnip. The core of the plant near the growing tip is used. Harvesting the stem kills the plant so this use cannot normally be condoned. The stem contains about 61 kilocalories per 100g. Young leaves – cooked. Harvested just before they unfurl, they are juicy and slimy, tasting like bitter celery.
Four common ferns
Maidenhead – Adiantum pedatum
Grows in North America and East Asia.
Rattlesnake Fern (Botrychium virginianum)
The United States, in the mountains of Mexico, in Australia, in some parts of Asia, as the Himalaya Mountains, and is found also in Norway, in the Karelia region of Finland and Russia, and around the Gulf of Bothnia, although in no other part of Europe.
Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)
Also known as fiddlehead ferns or shuttlecock fern, is a crown-forming, colony-forming fern. It grows in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in central and northern Europe, northern Asia, and northern North America.
Bracken Fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
Also known as ‘eagle fern , Bracken Fern a species occurring in temperate and subtropical regions in both hemispheres. The extreme lightness of its spores has led to its global distribution.
Traditionally the most important part use in Acanthaceae in the leaves and they are used externally for wounds. Some research has indicated that Acanthaceae possesses antifungal, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antioxidant, insecticidal, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory, anti-platelet aggregation and anti-viral potential.
For instance, Acanthus ilicifolius, whose chemical composition has been heavily researched, is widely used in ethnopharmaceutical applications, including in Indian and Chinese traditional medicine. Various parts of Acanthus ilicifolius have been used to treat asthma, diabetes, leprosy, hepatitis, snake bites, and rheumatoid arthritis. The leaves of Acanthus ebracteatus, noted for their antioxidant properties, are used for making Thai herbal tea in Thailand and Indonesia.
Labiatae (धुचु ) (
Different traditional uses of Labiatae are documented including the following: human food, aromatic, liqueur production, medicinal or veterinary plants, to combat pests and parasites, cosmetic, house decoration, fuel or illumination, in handicrafts, to produce soap, to tan leather, to dye cloth, in religious, magic or superstitious rituals. The raw materials have also been used in many different forms: fresh, dry, powdered, as infusions in water, oil or alcohol, as an ointment, burned and eventually smoked, and sniffed as powder. We report a synthesis of the main uses and some information obtained from the literature databases.
करी पात (Rutaceae)
Leaves of the plant are stimulant and astringent and are used in diarrhea,
dysentery, and diseases of teeth. A decoction of the leaves is
taken in dropsy and powdered leaf is applied to fresh
cuts. The bark of the ground root is eaten and rubbed on the body
to relieve body ache. Bark and flowers are used in cosmetics.
रानी खिर्रो (Apocynaceae)
The bark of Apocynaceae is stomachic, astringent, febrifuge, anthelmintic, powerful antidysenteric, and antidiarrhoeal; cures dysentery, diarrhea, fevers, piles, leprosy and skin diseases. Leaves are used in chronic bronchitis, lumbago, urinary discharges, boils, and ulcers. The flowers are cooling, appetizer, anthelmintic; cure biliousness, diarrhea, and leucoderma. The seeds are carminative, astringent, tonic and febrifuge; given in affections of the chest, asthma, colic, and diuresis.
Above mentioned are the medicinal plants found in Kathmandu, we have integrated numerous websites into a single page. This article provides efficient knowledge on medicinal plants found in Kathmandu/Nepal. These are the result based on research done on the web.